Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Gmelina arborea Linn.

Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Gmelina Species: Gmelina arborea Linn.






Synonym Premna arborea (Roxb.) Roth. Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name White Kashmir Teak, Cashmere tree, Gamari Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Gamhar Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude 900m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 7-1 in. Lon pericarp leathery, shining, yellow outside when ripe
Habitat Found in deciduous and semi-evergreen forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam Bark Details Bark light grey coloured exfoliating in light coloured patches when old, blaze thick, a chlorophyll layer just under the outer bark, pale yellow white inside.
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sukhna Choe Reserve Forest & Sukhna Lake Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species It is a fast growing tree, which though grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750-4500 mm rainfall. It does not thrive on ill drained soils and remains stunted on dry, sandy or poor soils; drought also reduces it to a shrubby form. The tree attains moderate to large height up to 30 m with girth of 1.2 to 4.5 m with a clear bole of 9-15 m. It is a treat to see the gamhar tree standing straight with clear bole having branches on top and thick foliage forming a conical crown on the top of the tall stem. Flowers occur in narrow branching clusters at the end of branches. The yellow flower, tinged with brown, is trumpet shaped, 3-4 cm long. The trumpets flare open into a gaping mouth with 5 distinct lobes. Leaf Details Lamina 7.5-25 × 6-20 cm, broadly ovate or ovate, base cordate truncate or rounded, apex acute

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details