Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Butea Species: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.






Synonym Butea braamania DC., Butea frondosa Koenig Ex Roxb.  Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Khakhro, Palash, Tesu,Dhak Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Bengal Kino Tree, Bastard Teak, Flame Of Forest, Flame Of The Forest Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Tesu,Dhak. Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up To1000m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit A Pod, 12.5-28 Cm Long, Oblong, The Base Flat, Wing-like And Indehiscent
Habitat Dry And Moist Deciduous Forests, Also Grown In The Plains Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Tropical Himalaya, India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Malaysia. Bark Details Bark 5-6 Mm Thick, Grey To Greyish-brown, Exudation Red, Branchlets Densely Tomentose
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Rock garden, Patiala-ki-Rao Reserved Forest, Sector 40, Sector 56 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Trifoliate
Description of Species The Tree Is A Medium Sized , Growing From 20 To 4O Feet High, And The Trunk Is Usually Crooked And Twisted With Irregular Branches And Rough, Grey Bark. The Leaves Are Pinnate, With An 8-16 Cm Petiole And Three Leaflets, Each Leaflet 10-20 Cm Long. These Flowers, Which Are Scentless, Are Massed Along The Ends Of The Stalks--dark Velvety Green Like The Cup-shaped Calices--and The Brilliance Of The Stiff, Bright Flowers Is Shown Off To Perfection By This Deep, Contrasting Colour. Each Flower Consists Of Five Petals Comprising One Standard, Two Smaller Wings And A Very Curved Beak-shaped Keel Leaf Details Tri-foliate, Leaflets Coriaceous, Roundish-ovate, Leathery In Texture

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details