Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees

Family: Poaceae Genus: Dendrocalamus Species: Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees






Synonym Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees Flower Color Brownish
Common Name Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Iron Bamboo ,Solid Bamboo, Male Bamboo Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Bans Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude 400-1000m Fruit Type Nut
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit with adherent pericarp, ovoid, or orbicular, 8 mm long,hairy at apex, apex rostrate
Habitat This species is mainly found in semi dry and dry deciduous forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand. many other countries in Southeast Asia such as China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam have introduced and cultivated the species. Bark Details Smooth outer skin due to the presence of silica
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Butterfly Park , Sector 7, Sector 23, Sector 39, Sector 46, Sector 52 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species It is a deciduous densely tufted bamboom with culms 8-16 m high, 2.5-8 cm in diameter, pale blue green when young, dull green or yellow on maturity, much curved above half of its height. The most peculiar aspect of the plant is the solid culm as there is no hollow part in it. Leaves are linear-lanceshaped, small in dry localities, up to 25 cm long and 3 cm broad in moist areas, rounded at the base into a short petiole, tip is sharply tapering with twisted point. Inflorescence is a large panicle of large dense globular heads 4-5 cm apart. Long stamens protrude out of the flowers. caryopsis with adherent pericarp, ovoid, or orbicular, 8 mm long,hairy at apex, apex rostrate Leaf Details Leaves to 16 × 1.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, apex long acuminate

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details