Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.

Family: Bignoniaceae Genus: Kigelia Species: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.






Synonym Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC. Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Balam kheera, Balmkheera Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Cucumber /Sausage Tree Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Balam kheera Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude 1000 m Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit very unusual, sausage shaped, up to 1 m × 18 cm, greyish-brown, heavily dotted with lenticels, indehiscent, heavy, weighing up to 12 kg, containing a fibrous pulp in which are embedded many seeds.
Habitat It is a medium to large tree, up to 25 m in height, primarily found in wet Savannah woodland spreading into gallery woodland and along rivers in moist forests. Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Distributed in South,Cental and West Africa and also distributed all over India but found abundantly in West Bengal Bark Details Bark grey, generally smooth in large specimens, flaking in thin, round patches.
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sector 22, Sector 23 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Oblong
Description of Species Plant up to 20 m in height, with a dense rounded crown; bark grey, generally smooth in large specimens, flaking in thin, round patches. leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, compound. Flowers striking, red blood with heavy yellow veining on the outside, cup shaped, asymmetric, lax, pendulous sprays. Calyx shortly tubular with 2-5 ribbed lobes; corolla widely cup shaped with 5 broad spreading lobes; stamens 4, slightly protruding beyond the mouth of the corolla tube; ovary 1-chambered. Fruit very unusual, sausage shaped. Leaf Details Leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, compound

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details