Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand.

Family: Asclepiadaceae Genus: Calotropis Species: Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand.






Synonym Calotropis wallichii Wight, Calotropis persica Gand., Calotropis syriaca Woodson Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Safed-ak, Mudar, Arki Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name Madar, Sodom's Apple, Milk Weed Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Aak Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up To 1300 M Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Follicles subglobose to obliquely ovoid, inflated, 6-10 × 3-7 cm, pericarp thick, spongy
Habitat Common in waste places, forest clearings, and river beds Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Almost Throughout India, Pakistan, West Asia, Tropical Africa Bark Details The bark is thick, rough and corky and a yellow-brown colour
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Patiala-ki-Rao Reserved Forest Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Elliptic
Description of Species Shrubs or small trees to 6 m tall. petiole very short, leaf blade grayish green or hoary white, ovate to obovate, 10-30 × 5-15 cm, base cordate, apex abruptly pointed. Cymes umbel-like, 3-10-flowered. Sepals elliptic or ovate, ca. 5 × 3 mm. flower buds subglobose. corolla white outside, pinkish inside, 1.5-2 cm in diam. follicles subglobose to obliquely ovoid, inflated, 6-10 × 3-7 cm, pericarp thick, spongy. seeds ca. 6 × 4 mm Leaf Details Leaves, subsessile, elliptic, obovate to oblong, 10-20 × 5-13 cm

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details