officinalis Gaertn., Emblica arborea Raf., Phyllanthus
|English / Trade Name
||Gooseberry, Indian Gooseberry, Emblic Myrobalan
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Up To 1600 M
||Fruit a capsule 1.5-2.5 cm across, sub-globose, dehiscing into 6 cocci, disc enlarged to give an appearance of fleshy yellowish-green, indehiscent berry
||Found in deciduous forests and also cultivated
||Bangladesh, China, India, Malysia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and throughout the tropics
||Fairly smooth bark is a pale grayish-brown and peels of in thin flakes like that of the guava.
|Distribution in chandigarh
||Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||It is a small to medium sized deciduous tree, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, which is known for its edible fruit of the same name. The tree has crooked trunk and spreading branches. The leaves are simple, nearly stalkless and closely set along slender branchlets. The leaves are often mistaken for leaflets of pinnate leaves. The genus name Phyllanthus is derived from Greek words meaning leaf-flower, an allusion to the apparent bearing of flowers on the leaves. Amla flowers are small, greenish-yellow or pinkish. The flowers have six segments, but no real petals. Male and female flowers are carried separately on the same branch. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with 6 vertical stripes or furrows. Ripening in autumn, the berries are harvested by hand after climbing to upper branches bearing the fruits. The taste of Amla is sour, bitter and astringent, and is quite fibrous.
||Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious on short deciduous branchlets, closely overlapping, sub sessile; stipules minute, lateral, linear; lamina 0.4-1.5 × 2-4 mm, oblong or linear-oblong, base round, apex obtuse and shortly apiculate, glabrous, membranous; nerves obscure