Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Caryota urens Linn.

Family: Arecaceae Genus: Caryota Species: Caryota urens Linn.






Synonym Flower Color White
Common Name Fishtail Palm, Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Toddy Palm, Fishtail Palm, Indian Sago Palm, Wine Palm, Jaggery Palm, Kithul Palm Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Mari Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude Up to 1200 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details The fruit matures to a round, 1 cm (0.39 in) drupe, red in color with one seed. Fruit development takes 32-38 weeks.
Habitat It is found in monsoon climates and peri-humid regions. It prefers moist, shady, cool places. It is a slow-growing, shade-tolerant or shade-demanding species. Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka Bark Details Gray trunk, smooth with annular leaf scars.
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sukhna Choe Reserve Forest & Sukhna Lake , Sector 45, Sector 46 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Palmate
Description of Species Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Leaves bipinnate, 4-6 m long; pinnae 5-7 pairs, to 1.5 m long; leaflets broadly cuneate, fan-shaped, 12-20 cm long, 7-10 cm wide at wider portion, raemorse at apex, many ribbed. Spadix interfoliar, shortly peduncled, much branched, pendulous, to 4 m long; spathes few, 40-50 cm long. Flowers many, in triads with female flower in the middle. Sepals 3, rounded, imbricate. Petals linear-oblong, valvate. Stamens many. Ovary 3-celled, 3-gonous; ovule 1-per locule. Fruit c. 2 cm across, globose, reddish purple. Seeds plano-convex, subreniform. Leaf Details Leaves bipinnate (pinnate in juveniles), induplicate with a terminal leaflet; sheath triangular, disintegrating into strong black fibres, densely hairy; petiole channelled above; leaflets numerous, obliquely wedge shaped, upper margin irregularly toothed. It has a leaf shape that resembles the lower fin of a fish.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details