Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Cinnamomum camphora (Linn.) J.Presl

Family: Lauraceae Genus: Cinnamomum Species: Cinnamomum camphora (Linn.) J.Presl






Synonym Camphora camphora (Linn.) H.Karst., Camphora officinarum Nees Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Camphora tree, Kapur Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Camphor Tree,Camphor Laurel Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Kapur Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up To 1350-1800 M Fruit Type Berry
Habit Tree Fruit Details Globose, Fleshy Less Than 1 Cm In Diameter That Ripens To Purple Black And Is Partly Surrounded By A Cup-like Perianth
Habitat Cultivated And Occasionally Naturalized Bark Type Fissured
Distribution China, Taiwan, Eastern Asia And Japan Bark Details Bark yellow-brown, irregularly and longitudinally fissured
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Evergreen trees, up to 30 m tall, Bark yellow-brown, irregularly and longitudinally fissured. Leaves spirally arranged, glabrous, chartaceous to sub-coriaceous, ovate-elliptic to elliptic to subovate-elliptic, 1-5 x 3-10 cm. Petiole slender, 2-4 cm long. Flowers green-white or yellowish, ca. 3 mm Panicles axillary, slender, glabrous, many-flowered, up to 10 cm long. Stamens 1.5 mm long. Anthers broad, filaments as long, pilose, inner anthers truncate, upper cells smaller, latrorse, gland large, attached to the basal part of the filament. Style as long as the ovary with peltate triquetrous stigma. Fruit purple-black, ovoid or subglo- bose, 6–8 mm in diam. Perianth cup in fruit cupuliform, ca. 5 mm, longitudinally sulcate, base ca. 1 mm wide, apex truncate and up to 4 mm wide Leaf Details 1-5 X 3-10 Cm, Base Acute Or Tapered-cuneate, Both Surfaces Minutely Reticulate Or Above Smooth; Main Nerves Slender; The Sub-basal Lateral Nerves Ascendent To 1/2- 2/3 The Lamina Length

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details