Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species:
Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers

Family: Menispermaceae Genus: Tinospora Species:
Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers






Synonym Chasmanthera cordifolia (DC.) Baill., Cocculus cordifolius (Willd.) DC., Menispermum cordifolium Willd Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Gulbel, Indian Tinospora Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name Tinospora, Indian Tinospora, Heart leaved moonseed, Bile killer, Moon creeper Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Giloy, Gulbel Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Upto 1400m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Climber Fruit Details Drupes sessile; seeds grooved vertically.
Habitat Moist deciduous forests and scrub jungles, also in the plains Bark Type Prickly
Distribution Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Myanmar Bark Details Bark is light grey brown in colour, corky and papery
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sector 6 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species A large woody succulent climbing shrub. Bark grayish brown, corky, young shoots glabrous, flaking with age, stem striate, scattered with lenticels, branches striate, generally sending down long aerial roots from the host trees, where they spread. Leaves simple, alternate, broadly ovate, cordate or suborbicular, 4-17 × 4.5-14 cm across, base cordate to sinuate, margin entire, apex deeply acuminate or cuspidate, chartaceous, membranous, thin, green, glabrous above, paler glabrous with glandular papillose patches beneath, strong basal veins 5-7, impressed above and prominent beneath, lateral veins 2-3 pairs, veinlets fine and close, petiole twisted, swollen near the base, pulvinate, glabrous, Leaf Details Leaves broadly ovate, apex acuminate, base cordate, 5-ribbed; petiole 4-6 cm long.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details