Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Morus alba Linn.

Family: Moraceae Genus: Morus Species: Morus alba Linn.






Synonym Morus serrata Wall., Morus arabica Koidz.,  Morus rubra Lour., Morus acidosa Griff. Flower Color White
Common Name Chinni, Tutri,Shahtoot, Shatooth Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Silkworm mulberry,White mulberry,Mulberry Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Shahtoot Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Upto 1500 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Syncarp red when immature, blackish purple, purple, or greenish white when mature, ovoid, ellipsoid, or cylindric
Habitat Deciduous forests and cultivated. Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Afghanistan and North West Asia Bark Details Bark gray, shallowly furrowed. Branches finely hairy.
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Patiala-ki-Rao Reserved Forest, Manimajara and Daria, Sector 1, Sector 3, Sector 10, Sector 11, Sector 17, Sector 26, Sector 27, Sector 29, Sector 34, Sector 39, Sector 42, Sector 45, Sector 47, Sector 51 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Shrubs or trees, 3-10 m tall. Bark gray, shallowly furrowed. Branches finely hairy. Winter buds reddish brown, ovoid, finely hairy. Stipules lanceolate, 2-3.5 cm, densely covered with short pubescence. Petiole 1.5-5.5 cm, pubescent; leaf blade ovate to broadly ovate, irregularly lobed, 5-30 × 5-12 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent along midvein or in tufts in axil of midvein and primary lateral veins, adaxially bright green and glabrous, base rounded to ± cordate, margin coarsely serrate to crenate, apex acute, acuminate, or obtuse. Male catkins pendulous, 2-3.5 cm, densely white hairy. Female catkins 1-2 cm, pubescent; peduncle 5-10 mm, pubescent. Male flowers: calyx lobes pale green, broadly elliptic; filaments inflexed in bud; anthers 2-loculed, globose to reniform. Female flowers: sessile; calyx lobes ovoid, ± compressed, with marginal hairs; ovary sessile, ovoid; style absent; stigmas with mastoidlike protuberance, branches divergent, papillose. Syncarp red when immature, blackish purple, purple, or greenish white when mature, ovoid, ellipsoid, or cylindrical. Leaf Details Leaves ovate or ovate-cordate, 5-15 x 3-8 cm long, base cordate to rounded, margin often lobed toothed or irregularly lobed, apex acuminate, obtuse or acute, membranous, lateral veins 3-8 on either side of midvein, petiole 2-6 cm, stipules lanceolate.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details