Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Jatropha curcas Linn.

Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus: Jatropha Species: Jatropha curcas Linn.






Synonym Curcas adansonii Endl., Jatropha acerifolia Salisb., Curcas indica A.Rich. Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Jamal Ghota, Jangli Arandi, Ratanjot Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name Jatropha Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Jangli Arandi Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up To 1500 M Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Grey-brown Capsule, Up To 4 Cm Long Normally Divided Into 3 Cells Each Containing One Seed
Habitat Found In Nursery And Grown Wildly Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, China ,Mexico, Nepal, South Africa, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago ,Guatemala, Panama, Colombia, Argentina, Malaysia, Myanmar Bark Details Bark Greenish-white Peeling Off In Thin Flakes
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Manimajara and Daria, Sector 18 Origin Exotic
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Palmate
Description of Species Shrubs Or Treelets, 2-5 M Tall. Bark Smooth, Branches Glaucous-gray, Glabrous, Stipules Small. Petioles 6-18 Cm. Leaf Blade Rotund To Ovate, 7-18 × 6-16 Cm, Inflorescences Axillary, 6-10 Cm. Sepals 5, Ca. 4 Mm, Connate At Base. Petals Oblong, Green-yellow, Ca. 6 Mm.Stamens 10. Ovary 3-locular, Glabrous. Styles Bifid At Apex. Capsules Ellipsoidal Or Globose, 2.5-3 Cm, Yellow. Seeds Ellipsoidal, 1.5-2 Cm, Black Leaf Details L2- 20 Cm Long, Blade 3-5 Lobed, 12.5-18 X1-16 Cm, Lobes Acute Orshortly Acuminate Athe Apex, Margins Entire Orundulating, Leaf Base Deply Cordate, Glabrous Or Pubescent Only On The Vins Below

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details