Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Pinus roxburghii Sarg.

Family: Pinaceae Genus: Pinus Species: Pinus roxburghii Sarg.






Synonym Pinus longifolia Roxb. ex Lamb. Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Chir pine Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Chir pine, Himalayan long leaf pine, Chir Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Chir Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude 600 1800 m Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Tree Fruit Details The cones are ovoid conic, 12-24 cm long and 5-8 cm broad at the base when closed, green at first, ripening glossy chestnut-brown when 24 months old. They open slowly over the next year or so.
Habitat Abundant; in submontane to montane forests, mostly forming pure patches, sometimes mixed with other trees. Bark Type Fissured
Distribution Afghanistan, the Himalaya from Chitral eastward to Bhutan, Sikkim. Bark Details The bark is red-brown, thick and deeply fissured at the base of the trunk, thinner and flaky in the upper crown.
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sector 19, Sector 30, Sector 33 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Needle-like
    Leaf Arrangement Whorled (leaves in groups of 3 or more along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species Evergreen trees, to 40 m high; bark rough, deeply fissured. Leaves dark or light – green, needle like, on dwarf – shoots surrounded by persistent bud – scales. Male cones ovoid, 1.5 – 2 cm long, borne on clusters at the base of current year shoots. Female cones solitary or 2 – 5 together, 10 – 18 x 7. 5 – 12 cm; bract – scales woody, with pyramidal, pointed or recurved beak; seeds 6 – 10 mm long, Leaf Details The leaves are needle-like, in fascicles of three, very slender, 20-35 cm long, and distinctly yellowish green .Leaves dark or light – green, needle like, on dwarf – shoots surrounded by persistent bud – scales.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details