Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC.

Family: Mimosaceae Genus: Prosopis Species: Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC.






Synonym Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd., Mimosa juliflora Sw. Flower Color White
Common Name Kabuli kikar Flower Type Spikelet
English / Trade Name Honey Mesquite Flowering Period July-Sept
Vernacular /Local Name Kabuli kikar Fruiting Period Oct-Dec
Altitude Up to 1000m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Pods pale – yellow, glabrous, constricted between the seeds, many seeded.
Habitat Along road sides, on dry localities. Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Indigenous to West Indies and Mexico Bark Details Bark thick, brown or blackish, shallowly fissured.
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Rock garden, Patiala-ki-Rao Reserved Forest, Sukhna Choe Reserve Forest & Sukhna Lake , Manimajara and Daria, Sector 1, Sector 9, Sector 26 Origin Exotic
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Bi-pinnate
Description of Species Branches greyish, with stipules spines to 1 cm long. Rachis, pinnae 1 – 2 (3) pairs, leaflets 16 – 24 pairs, oblique oblong, obtuse, glabrous, ligulate. Spikes 1 several, axillary or terminal, calyx faintly 5 – toothed. corolla creamish; petals tomentose inside. Ovary stipitate. Pods pale – yellow, glabrous, constricted between the seeds, many seeded. Leaf Details Leaves alternate, bipinnate, with 1-3 pairs of pinnae, prolonged beyond the last pinnae as a soft bristle. Leaflets 10-20 pairs, entire, oblong, obtuse, sometimes mucronate. Stipules spiny, generally 1.0 cm or less long, in pair.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details