Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species:
Araucaria columnaris (G.Forst.) Hook.

Family: Araucariaceae Genus: Araucaria Species:
Araucaria columnaris (G.Forst.) Hook.






Synonym Araucaria cookii R. Br. ex Endl., Araucaria excelsa (Lamb.) R. Br., Araucaria intermedia R. Br. ex Vieill., Columbea excelsa (Lamb.) Spreng., Cupressus columnaris J. R. Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Christmas Tree, Cook Pine, New Caledonia pine, Cook araucaria, or columnar Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Cook Pine, Coral Reef Araucaria, Christmas Tree Flowering Period July-Sept
Vernacular /Local Name Christmas Tree Fruiting Period Oct-Dec
Altitude Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Tree Fruit Details Female seed cones scaly, egg-shaped.
Habitat Planted as an ornamental tree and street tree in warm temperate climates. It is cultivated in gardens and public landscapes Bark Type Rugged
Distribution It is native to New Caledonia and Vanuatu. But also found in Chile, Argentina, southern Brazil, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Australia, and New Guinea. By far greatest diversity exists in New Caledonia, due to the island's long isolation and stability Bark Details The bark peels off in papery strips and is rough, gray, and resinous.
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sector 1, Sector 9, Sector 30 Origin Exotic
    Leaf Type Needle-like
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species Tree up to 60 m, bark peels off in thin paper like sheets. The branches lined with cord-like, horizontal branchlets. The branchlets covered with small, green, incurved, point-tipped, spirally arranged, overlapping leaves. Leaves needle-like, becoming triangular and scale-like. Female seed cones scaly, egg-shaped, and up to 6 inches (15 cm) long. Leaf Details Leaves needle-like, becoming triangular and scale-like

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details