Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Senna tora (Linn.) Roxb.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae Genus: Senna Species: Senna tora (Linn.) Roxb.

Habit

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Bark

Synonym Cassia tora Linn., Cassia gallinaria Collad., Cassia numilis Collad. Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Pot Cassia, Stinking Cassia, Chinese senna Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Foetid cassia, The sickle senna, Wild senna Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Panwar Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Upto 1400m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit subtetragonal, apiculate, 10 – 15 x 0.5 cm, sutures broad, 30 – 35 seeded. Seeds brown – shining
Habitat Commonly found in forming gregarious patches in waste places, road sides, crop fields Bark Type Fissured
Distribution Throughout India, Africa, Arabia, Pakistan, Eastwards to Polynesia, Native of America Bark Details The outer surface of stem bark is greenish brown in colour. the fissures were v shaped. The inner surface is smooth and light yellow coloured
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh , Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Manimajara and Daria Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Obovate
Description of Species Annual undershrubs, to 1 m high, with flexuous stem. Leaves 6 – 8 cm long,leaflets 3 – 5 pairs, ovate – oblong, 2 – 5 x 1.5 – 2.5 cm, obtuse, apiculate, glabrous above, hairy beneath. Petioles 3 – 4 long, with subulate glands between the leaflets. Stipules linearsubulate, caducous. Flowers in axillary pairs, shortly pedunculate, bracts linear. Stamens 6- 7, 3 – upper reduced to staminodes. Pods subtetragonal, apiculate, 10 – 15 x 0.5 cm, sutures broad, 30 – 35 seeded. Seeds brown shining Leaf Details Leaves 6 – 8 cm long,leaflets 3 – 5 pairs, ovate – oblong, 2 – 5 x 1.5 – 2.5 cm, obtuse, apiculate, glabrous above, hairy beneath. Petioles 3 – 4 long. Stipules linearsubulate, caducous
 

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details