purpurea (Linn.) Benth.
||Blue - Purple
|English / Trade Name
||Purple orchid tree
|Vernacular /Local Name
||500 to 2000 m.
||Pods linear, flat, pointed, greenish – tinged with purple; seeds 12 – 15.
||Evergreen lowland rain forest mountain forest and savanna, scrub and dry deciduous forest or swamp forest on various soils
||Throughout India, Widely cultivated as ornamental trees, China probably only native from Nepal through continental monsoon Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thai- land, Vietnam).
||The bark is pale grey brown, fairly smooth or slightly fissured and scaly
|Distribution in chandigarh
||Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sukhna Choe Reserve Forest & Sukhna Lake , Sector 4, Sector 10, Sector 28
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Trees, with glabrescent branchlets, up to 8 m high; bark brownish – ashy. Leaves ovate – orbicular, almost equal in length and breadth, cleft nearly to the middle, lobes subacute, 7 – 9 nerved at base; petioles 2 – 4.2 cm long. Flowers few, red or purple, on terminal or axillary, short peduncled corymbs. Clayx pubescent, 3 – 3.5 cm long, slit into 2 – valves, ultimately 5 – toothed. Fertile stamens 3 – 4, elongate. Ovary glabrescent. Pods linear, flat, 15 – 18 × 3 – 3.5 cm, pointed, greenish – tinged with purple; seeds 12 – 15.
||Leaves simple, alternate, base round to shallow-cordate, upto12 cm × 12 cm, deeply 2-lobed at apex upto 1/3-1/2, ca. 7-12 cm long