Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Bauhinia purpurea Linn.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae Genus: Bauhinia Species: Bauhinia purpurea Linn.






Synonym Phanera purpurea (Linn.) Benth. Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Kachnar, Kobidar Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Purple orchid tree Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Kachnar Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude 500 to 2000 m. Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Pods linear, flat, pointed, greenish – tinged with purple; seeds 12 – 15.
Habitat Evergreen lowland rain forest mountain forest and savanna, scrub and dry deciduous forest or swamp forest on various soils Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Throughout India, Widely cultivated as ornamental trees, China probably only native from Nepal through continental monsoon Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thai- land, Vietnam). Bark Details The bark is pale grey brown, fairly smooth or slightly fissured and scaly
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sukhna Choe Reserve Forest & Sukhna Lake , Sector 4, Sector 10, Sector 28 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Bi-lobed
Description of Species Trees, with glabrescent branchlets, up to 8 m high; bark brownish – ashy. Leaves ovate – orbicular, almost equal in length and breadth, cleft nearly to the middle, lobes subacute, 7 – 9 nerved at base; petioles 2 – 4.2 cm long. Flowers few, red or purple, on terminal or axillary, short peduncled corymbs. Clayx pubescent, 3 – 3.5 cm long, slit into 2 – valves, ultimately 5 – toothed. Fertile stamens 3 – 4, elongate. Ovary glabrescent. Pods linear, flat, 15 – 18 × 3 – 3.5 cm, pointed, greenish – tinged with purple; seeds 12 – 15. Leaf Details Leaves simple, alternate, base round to shallow-cordate, upto12 cm × 12 cm, deeply 2-lobed at apex upto 1/3-1/2, ca. 7-12 cm long

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details