Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Annona squamosa Linn.

Family: Annonaceae Genus: Annona Species: Annona squamosa Linn.






Synonym Annona distincta Raeusch., Annona asiatica Vahl Flower Color White
Common Name Sharifa Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Custard Apple, Sugar Apple Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Sharifa Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude upto 1200m Fruit Type Aggregate
Habit Tree Fruit Details The compound fruits are round to oblong, 6–10 cm diameter. Fruit flesh is fragrant, sweet, white to light yellow, with the texture and flavor of custard
Habitat Widely Cultivated And Naturalized Bark Type Fissured
Distribution Bangladesh, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan; Africa; North America: Belize, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, United States Of America; South America Bark Details Bark dark brown, thin, fissured and fibrous, branches slightly pubescent when young, glabrous when mature
Distribution in chandigarh , Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Manimajara and Daria Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Shrub or small trees, about 3-5 m tall. Bark dark brown, thin, fissured and fibrous, Leaves simple, alternate, ovate, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic. Flowers bisexual, subcapitate, about 2.5-3 cm long. Sepals 3, broadly ovate, apex acute or shallow acuminate, pubescent outside. Petals 6, outer whorl 3, subequal, ovate, apex obtuse. Stamens many, about 1 mm long. Carpels many, subglobose or ovoid, subconnate, minutely pubescent, about 1 mm long; Stigma oblong, entire. Seeds many, black with dark brown patches, glossy, slightly flattened, arillate Leaf Details Leaves simple, alternate, ovate, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details