Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Dalbergia sissoo DC.

Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Dalbergia Species: Dalbergia sissoo DC.






Synonym Amerimnon sissoo (Roxb.) Kuntze Flower Color White
Common Name Shisham Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Indian Rosewood Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Shisham Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Upto 1300m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit c. 3.7-10 cm long, c. 7.0-13 mm broad, strap-shaped, glabrous, 1-4-seeded
Habitat Occasional in forests commonly planted Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Pakistan, Oman, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Myanmar Bark Details Gray color rough bark and mainly
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Butterfly Park , Patiala-ki-Rao Reserved Forest, Sector 2, Sector 26, Sector 29, Sector 38, Sector 39, Sector 46, Sector 56 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Tree with rough bark and mainly longitudinal furrows, young branc pubescent. Leaf imparipinnate, rachis c. 3.7-7.5 cm long, leaflets 3-5, c. 3.5-6.5 cm long. petiolule c. 5-8 mm long.stipules c. 5 mm long. Inflorescence an axillary panicle composed of several short spikes with sessile to subsessile flowers. Calyx c. 5 mm long. Corolla yellowish white. Stamens 9. Ovary pubescent, 2-4-ovulate. Style glabrous. Stigma capitate. Fruit c. 3.7-10 cm long, c. 7.0-13 m broad, strap-shaped, glabrous, 1-4-seeded. seed flattened Leaf Details Leaves 5-7 foliolate, 10-20 cm long petiole zigzag, pubescent , leaflets 3-10× 2.5-5 cm, rhomboid or broad-ovate, long acuminate

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details