Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Carissa spinarum Linn.

Family: Apocynaceae Genus: Carissa Species: Carissa spinarum Linn.






Synonym Carissa opaca Stapf  Ex Haines, Antura edulis Forssk. Carissa laxiflora Benth. Flower Color White
Common Name Karaunda, Jungli Karonda Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name Conkerberry, Bush Plum Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Karaunda Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Upto 900m Fruit Type Berry
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit, an ovoid berry, 9 mm in length, 6 mm in diameter, 642 mg in weight
Habitat Common in the plains from the coast, in scrub jungles Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar Bark Details Bark, light brown to green, can be stripped off longitudinally by hand
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sector 6 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Evergreen, erect, bushy-diffused shrubs, with rigid, spreading branches. Bark grayish-white. Spines 2-5 cm long, straight or forked, usually at the base of branches. Leaves, elliptic or ovate to sub orbicular, 1.2-3.5 × 0.8-2.2 cm, acute or mucronate. Flowers white, fragrant, in few-flowered corymbose cymes. Calyx teeth 5, lanceolate, ciliate. Corolla tube cylindrical. Ovary 2-celled. Berries subglobose or elliptic, 0.6-1 cm long, purplish-black, juicy when ripe. Seeds 2 Leaf Details Leaves ovate, 4.5 cm long, 2.5 cm broad, leathery, venation, reticulate pinnate,margin, entire. Petiole 3 mm long

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details