Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Melia azedarach Linn.

Family: Meliaceae Genus: Melia Species: Melia azedarach Linn.






Synonym Azedarach commelinii Medik., Azedarach odoratum Noronha, Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Bakain, Drek,Dainkan Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Chinaberry Tree, Indian Lilac, Borbedos Lilac Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Bakain Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Upto 1200 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, and gradually becoming wrinkled and almost white
Habitat Commonly found in road sides, parks, forests edges Bark Type Smooth
Distribution China, Japan, The Indian Sub-continent, South-eastern Asia and large parts of northern and Eastern Australia Bark Details Smooth bark smooth, greenish-brown when young
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Sector 1, Sector 10, Sector 26, Sector 29, Sector 39, Sector 43, Sector 44, Sector 46, Sector 50, Sector 54, Sector 56 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Bi-pinnate
Description of Species Deciduous trees up to 10 m high. Leaves 2 (3) pinnate, 20 – 30 cm long, leaflets 3 – 11, subopposite, ovate lanceolate, 1.5 – 4.5 cm long, acuminate. Flowers lilac – blue, sweet scented, in branched clusters of loose panicles. Calyx 5 – fid, oblong – lanceolate. Petals shortly ciliate, linear to spathulate. staminal column ca 5 – 6 mm long, purple. Ovary 5 – celled, glabrous. Drupes yellow and plump when ripe, 1.2 – 1.6 cm long, globose or ellipsoid, wrinkled in the later stages, 5 – seeded or less by abortion. seeds apiculate, red – brown Leaf Details Leaves 2 (3) pinnate, 20 – 30 cm long, leaflets 3 – 11, subopposite, ovate lanceolate, 1.5 – 4.5 cm long, acuminate

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details