Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Cassia fistula Linn.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae Genus: Cassia Species: Cassia fistula Linn.






Synonym Cassia excelsa Kunth, Cassia rhombifolia Roxb., Cathartocarpus fistuloides (Collad.) G.Don Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Amaltas Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Golden Shower Tree, Indian Laburnum Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Amaltas Fruiting Period Oct-Dec
Altitude Up To 1200 M Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Pod Up-to 2 Ft. Long, 1 In. Diam. Cylindrical, Smooth, Hard, Indehiscent, Dark-brown When Fully Ripe, Obscurely Transversely Ribbed And Transversely Fragile, Septate Into Numerous 1-seeded Cells
Habitat Dry Deciduous Forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Nepal And South-east Asia Bark Details Bark Greenish-grey, Smooth Up-to Middle Age And At Maturity Exfoliating In Scales
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park, Butterfly Park , Sector 4, Sector 8, Sector 9, Sector 26, Sector 27, Sector 31, Sector 34, Sector 38, Sector 45, Sector 47, Sector 56 Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Tree, up to 20 m tall. Bark in young tree smooth and ash coloured becoming rough and dark brown in old. Stipules 1-2 mm long. Rachis 12-25 cm long, terete, glabrous. Leaves compound 22.5-40 cm long, with 3-8 pairs of opposite leaflets, 6-10 (20) cm long. Flowers arranged in drooping racemes, each raceme c. 10-45 cm long. Calyx 5, hairy, ovate, 9 mm long. Petals 5, obovate, blunt, distinctly veined. Stamens 10. Ovary slender, thinly appressed hairy, style sturdy, stigma punctiform. Pods terete, glabrous, indehiscent, 40-60 cm long, 1.5-2 cm broad, black glossy brown, 40-100 seeded Leaf Details Leaves Paripinnate, 1-2 Ft. Long; Rachis Terete. Leaflets 4-8 Pairs, 3-6 By 2-3 In., Ovate Or Ovate-oblong, Sub-coriaceous, Acuminate, Entire; Lateral Nerves Parallel, Numerous

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details