Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Bixa orellana Linn.

Family: Bixaceae Genus: Bixa Species: Bixa orellana Linn.






Synonym Bixa acuminata, Bixa americana Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Annatto, Arnatto, Latkan, Lipstick Tree Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Butter-seed tree Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Ureirom Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude Up to 2000 m Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit is 2-valved, fruit ovoid, red, spiny, 2.5-5 cm long seeds many, ovate, with a scarlet covering
Habitat Mostly cultivated Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Tropical America, South and Central America widely cultivated throughout Bark Details Bark light to dark brown, tough, smooth, sometimes fissured
Distribution in chandigarh Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park Origin Exotic
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Cordate
Description of Species A small evergreen tree. Leaf is simple,,large 5-15 cm long, 4-11 cm wide, pointed leaves. Flower is in terminal panicles, pink turning white.Flowering throughout the year. Fruit is capsule, reddish brown, two-valved spiny. Seeds many, red. Fruiting throughout the year. Leaf Details Large 5-15 cm long, 4-11 cm wide, pointed leaves

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details