Chandigarh Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Chandigarh (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Vitex negundo Linn.

Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Vitex Species: Vitex negundo Linn.






Synonym Vitex incisa, Vitex bicolor Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Sambhalu, Sindvar, Nirgundi Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Chaste Tree, Common Chaste Tree, Negundo Chastetree, Five Leaved Chaste Tree, Negundo Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Urikshibi Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude 1000m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 3-5 mm across, globose, purple or black
Habitat Common, by riverbanks, along roadsides as hedges Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Himalaya, Burma, Afghanistan, China, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia Bark Details Bark thin, grayish brown or grayish white, blaze yellow
Distribution in chandigarh Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandigarh Botanical Garden and Nature Park Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Oblong
Description of Species Chaste tree can be described as a cross between a shrub and a tree with a single woody stem (trunk). It can grow up to five meters tall. Chaste tree's distinctive feature are the pointed leaves with 3-5 leaflets. Small, lilac or violet flowers on new growth from June to September. Flowers are the smallest of the commonly grown Vitex species. The leaves are used as a mosquito repellent. Leaves are burnt in a heap which proves very useful to get rid of Mosquitoes. Leaf Details Leaves Opposite, Digitately Palmately Compound With 3-8 Foliolate, Rarely Unifoliate, Often Aromatic Or Foetid, Petiolate, Exstipulate (obloenceolate)

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details